Thursday, December 26, 2019
Independence or personal freedom is an aspect that most individuals seek in their lives. Although some individuals may need the help of others in order to gain these features, others are already endowed with autonomous thoughts and reflect it in their behavior. Deci Ryan (2009) claim that autonomy is one of the basic and universal psychological needs that is necessary for the well-being and flourishing of all people. The development of autonomy comes in different forms for all people. The research discussed throughout this paper will reveal and evaluate how autonomy develops in individuals and whether showing autonomous behavior is positive or negative. Primary Issues Autonomy The notion of personal autonomy is a characteristicÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Persons who are employed in medical careers, like nursing, must display autonomous behavior because it provides motivation for them to make decisions without requiring permission from somebody (Senturan et al., 2012). On the other hand, those who display low levels of autonomous behavior will often become submissive towards others and may show signs of obedience when it comes to decision making and protecting their personal independence. These people may be coerced into performing actions or behaviors that they would not normally do such as a person who is an accomplice to a criminal act. I display high levels of autonomous behavior due to the fact that I usually set goals for myself that require no help from others and after these goals are complete, my sense of well-being has increased tremendously. Theoretical Perspective Humanistic Perspective The humanistic approach to psychology is an organization of different thoughts in which the interests of humans and their values and/or beliefs are of main importance (Schultz Schultz, 2009). The term humanistic relays the notion that all human beings have the potential for growth and that no one is purposely bad or unworthy (Carver Scheier, 2012). In contrast to psychoanalytical psychologists, humanistic psychologists tend to focus on the strengths of human behavior and not the aspects that make an individualÃ¢â¬â¢sShow MoreRelatedAutonomy: A Personality Trait1655 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAutonomy The notion of personal autonomy is a characteristic that many individuals seek to find throughout their life. The term autonomy originates from the Greek words auto (self) and nomos (law) and means self-management (Senturan, Kose, Sabuncu, Ozhan, 2012). Individuals who experience the characteristic of autonomy during their lives will often have an intense desire for their personal freedom and will set moderate goals for themselves that will enhance their well-being and independence. RadelRead More The Homeless are Not Legitimate Members of a Community Essay1583 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesI will first argue that the homeless are not legitimate autonomous members of a community. Second that the community as a whole has a moral obligation to extend membership to the homeless by meeting their need for a home, and so legitimize their autonomy within the community. A moral community can most practically be defined as Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦an entity constituted by all those people who have to work out meaningful ways of living together (Ethics 98). It is the process of participants gaining access intoRead MoreSelf Determination Theory ( Sdt ) Is A Macro Theory Of Human Motivation1167 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Self-determination theory (SDT) is a macro-theory of human motivation concerned with the development and functioning of personality within social contexts. In order for subjects to be considered Ã¢â¬Å"healthyÃ¢â¬ , they will exhibit high levels of autonomy, competence, and relatednessÃ¢â¬ . (Deci Ryan, 2008). Humans have studied the idea of motivation as how to make themselves or others reach a specific goal, or find energy to act in front of a struggle in life. Such struggles include grades, evaluationsRead MoreAutonomy Means Behaving And Thinking Independently Of Others1528 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAutonomy means behaving and thinking inde pendently of others (Woo, 2014). As per Oxford dictionary (2014), autonomy is Ã¢â¬Å"the right or condition of self-governmentÃ¢â¬ ; Ã¢â¬Å"IndependenceÃ¢â¬ ; Ã¢â¬Å"Freedom from external controlÃ¢â¬ and as per Webster dictionary, autonomy is Ã¢â¬Å"the state of acting separately from othersÃ¢â¬ ; Ã¢â¬Å"the state of being self-governingÃ¢â¬ . So, autonomous people are considered as self-directed, self-controlled and having the capacity to choose their own destiny. In the childhood context, autonomy meansRead More Relational Dialectics: A Research Report Essay633 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesRelational Dialectics Theory refers to the book titled A Handbook of Personal Relationships, edited by Steve Duck. The title A Dialectical Perspective on Communication Strategies in Relationship Development, written by Lesile Baxter, presents the basic strategies for an ideal relationship . The theories in which Baxter discusses describe the communication actions that a coulpe must use to es tablish, maintain, and dissolve their personal relationships. Contradiction is the central concept of relationalRead MoreSelf Determination And Actualization Of Human Potential Deci988 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesnature to strive for growth and inner organizationÃ¢â¬ and to become aware and mindful, or Full functioning. If people are able to use past experiences for future situations their functionality is already increasing leading toward personal development and the achievement of personal goals. When faced with a difficult situation, using past knowledge of personality types and how you interact with them can lead to a smoother experience this time around, using self-regulation to avoid conflict and attain aRead MoreErik Erikson s Explanation Of Psychosocial Development1504 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesErik Erikson s explanation of psychosocial development is one of the best-known theories of personality in psychology. The term psychosocial development is the pattern of change in emotions, personality and social relationship (Ã¢â¬Å"A ChildÃ¢â¬â¢s WorldÃ¢â¬ 10). Erikson believed that the achievements and failures of earlier stages influence later stages, whereas later stages change and transform earlier ones. His theory shows the impact on social relationships throughout oneÃ¢â¬â¢s entire life. Each individualRead MoreMy Childhood, Freedom, By Daniel H. Pink1056 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn my childhood, freedom was never a choice. Going to school, working with my father and struggling to live in a crowed home was everyday life for me. My parents were not bad people, though they failed to give their children autonomy. Throughout the beginning of the fall semester I have been captivated by the book we have been reading known as Drive, written by Daniel H. Pink. Pink has revealed a new way of parental education, which maybe a success. Drive is based on motivation and its complex characteristicsRead MoreSelect A Concept- Autonomy Within Nursing1471 Words Ã |Ã 6 P agesSelect a concept- Autonomy in Nursing In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s ever-changing healthcare delivery that uses patient as centered model there are issues concerning the understanding autonomy in the nurse-patient relationship. Autonomy is view as a relevant element in providing advanced nursing care to the patients, and improving the health outcomes. There are unclear descriptions in the literature about what the autonomy may be in the nursing context which results in conflicts and rejections of patientÃ¢â¬â¢s adherenceRead MoreTeen Suicide1415 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesteenagers. Cognitive and identity development and seeking autonomy are all instinctive aspects of being a teenager, but when a teen sees no way out of their problems or negative emotions and when depression seeps in, important and life saving measures can and should be made. Introduction: Transitioning into teenage years brings about cognitive, biological, and behavioral changes including formal operational thinking, identity formation, and autonomy. All of these changes bring new stressors
Posted by Florene Jerome at 3:59 AM
Tuesday, December 17, 2019
saiah Page Humanities Brooks 11/29/16 The Effects of Christianity on Europe During the Medieval ages Throughout the history of Europe, the Middle ages or also known as the Medieval period was considered to be between the 5th and the 15th century. The middle ages began as a result of the falling of the Roman empire and went onto the Renaissance. At the basis of just about every European culture, especially in the western section was Christianity. During the middle ages, Christianity, specifically Catholicism, was the only religion recognized and dominated the lives of people from all social classes from peasants to the nobility. Christianity is a monotheistic religion that bases their followings off of one god and his son, Jesus Christ. Throughout history, the beliefs of who is chosen for the afterlife has changed, however, During the middle ages the people of the church believed that there was no pre-determined faith, and your actions determined your eternal life in heaven, which opposed many other beliefs which allowed the church to gain a large following. The church was a hierarch y not only within the church, but also throughout society. They essentially controlled the government, Imposing taxes to the churches from the people, implementing laws, both religious based, and non-religious, and required people to follow the Christian faith, although most people did regardless due to the opportunity that arose from it, and the fear of what would happen to them if they didShow MoreRelatedThe Roman Catholic Church in Medieval Times Essay1295 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages In the Medieval times, the Roman Catholic Church played a great role in the development of England and had much more power than the Church of today does. In Medieval England, the Roman Catholic Church dominated everyday life and controlled everyone whether it is knights, peasants or kings. The Church was one of the most influential institutions in all of Medieval England and played a large role in education and religion. The Churchs power was so great that they could order and control knightsRead MoreEssay Exam Euh10001386 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEssay Exam #2 West of the World | Virginia Atteberry10/16/2011 | Fall 2011 Ã¢â¬â EUH1000- Western Civil Thru 1589 - 35290 | 1. Discuss the Lay Investiture struggle and give its effects. What was really at stake? The Lay Investiture struggle was between the people of the Church and the rulers of Europe. The rulers wanted to have power over the church which would require the church officials to become dependent upon the government. Not only would the pope and the other officials of the churchRead MoreMedieval Vs. Medieval Era1506 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Medieval, or Middle, Ages in Europe have often been called the Dark Ages, since they seem to have been lacking in many ways. However, the Church was always shining the light of the Gospel in even the darkest of places. Ã¢â¬Å"In the very bosom of this doomed society, a power remained which was capable of giving meaning to the drama, of bringing order out of disorder, of integrating the Barbarians into civilization and of using their youthful energies to restore the world to vigor and health. ThisRead MoreMedieval Period in European History1575 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction The medieval period in European history begins after the fall of the Roman Empire around 500 C.E., and continued until the early modern period beginning around 1500. The medieval period is split into the sub-categories of early medieval (500-1000), central middle ages (1000-1300), late medieval (1300-1500), and followed by the early modern period (1500-1800). At each of these periods of time important political, economic, social, cultural, religious and scientific changes were beingRead MoreWitchcraft And Superstition In Medieval Europe1654 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWitchcraft and superstition in Medieval Europe The concept of witchcraft and superstition stretches over a long period of time. The idea became familiar around 560 B.C when the two old testaments denounced witches and the belief in them. The idea is said to have originated in Europe, rapidly spreading around the world. Medieval Europe was an era that solely believed in magic, witches and the supernatural. In the Middle Ages witchcraft was viewed as a heinous crime that was punishable by deathRead More The Impact of Charlemagne Upon Europe Essay1605 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCharlemagne, or Charles the Great, reigned during a time of much turmoil and upheaval in Europe during middle ages. CharlemagneÃ¢â¬â¢s background and family history contributed much to his rise to power. The triumphs of his past lineage prepared him to take on the task of governing the Frankish Empire, and defending it from invaders. Charlemagne accomplished much during his supremacy. He not only brought education back into medieval Europe, but also invented an efficient way to govern his people. HisRead More The Rise Of Christianity Essay1320 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe rise of Christianity in philosophy One influential cult was based upon a mystical interpretation of Plato. Neo-Platonism was like a rational science that attempted to break down and describe every aspect of the divine essence and its relationship with the human soul. An Alexandrian Jew named Philo tried using Greek philosophy to interpret the Jewish scriptures. He wanted to unite the two traditions by suggesting that the Greek philosophers had been inspired by the same God who had revealedRead MoreThe Crusades During The Middle Ages1152 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesculture after the Middle Ages. The Crusades helped Medieval Europe to flourish and grow out of the Dark Ages. The Crusades affected daily life and caused major effects in political, economical and cultural Medieval Europe. The first Crusade was gaining control over the Holy Land, but the later Crusades were fights over regaining land. The Byzantine Empire fell during the fourth Crusade after an attack on their capital, Constantinople, took place. Trade routes open ed through Europe because of travelingRead MoreFeudalism1025 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesExplain how the system known as Ã¢â¬Å"feudalismÃ¢â¬ worked in Medieval Europe. The bases of feudalism is best described as a social system in Europe throughout the Middle Ages where individuals worked and battled for upper class who gave them protection and the use of the land in return for their services (Merriam-Webster). Ã¢â¬Å"FeudalismÃ¢â¬ is not a medieval term and not even a translation of a medieval concept (Abels 2010; Brown 2010; Bouchard 1998). In our day and time Feudalism would be difficult and bafflingRead MoreThe Decline of the Medieval Church at the End of the Middle Ages678 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesTowards the end of the Middle Ages and into the duration of the Renaissance, the Medieval ChurchÃ¢â¬â¢s social and political power dwindled. Centuries prior the Catholic Church gained a surplus of control, largely due to the stability it maintained during the chaotic breakdown of the Western Roman Empire . Yet toward the end of the Middle Ages the Church set in motion factors that would ultimately lead to its downfall as the definitive figure of authority. However, despite political and social controversy
Posted by Florene Jerome at 11:48 PM
Monday, December 9, 2019
Question: Discuss About The Contextual Analysis Demonstrates A Patient? Answer: Introducation The contextual analysis demonstrates the a patient named Alan was admitted to the ward with a comparative issue and needed to experience a surgery called the TURP or Transurethral resection of the prostrate so his side effects can be overcome. Additionally, a multidisciplinary group is likewise required to deal with his negative perspectives legitimately to give him a fantastic life. The paper will be talking about all the above focuses in points of interest. This report will explain the pathophysiology associated with the present medical condition that Alan, the patient under consideration is struggling with and the nursing intervention that is applicable for this situation. It is critical to talk about the etiology and the pathophysiology of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia keeping in mind the end goal to comprehend the seriousness of the patient's condition. Benign Prostrate Hyperplasia is mostly linked with the amplification of prostate organ. The prostate organs generally encompass the urethra, a tube that helps in the passage of urine, carrying it from the bladder outside of the body. This is considered to be one of the consequences of aging in men, where the prostrate organ gets enlarged and accordingly they begin crushing or obstructing the urethra bringing about issues in urinating (Gratzke et al., 2015). Analysts for the most part propose that maturing is one of the hazard factors that prompt these disarranges. Plus, family history and ethnic foundation can likewise go about as supporters of the disarranges. However diabetes and heftiness are the variables that could be the fundamental purpose behind the event of the manifestation. Analysts have rec ommended that both BPH and diabetes share a typical pathogenic system where there is modification of the male hormonal action that gets affected by the IGF (Oelke et al., 2013). There is nearness of insulin like development factor in the prostatic tissues and subsequently there is high shot of these assuming the principle part in event of the scatters. Way of life issues, for example, absence of activity, shameful nourishment, abstain from food, regularly brings about heftiness which likewise turns into a hazard factor for the turmoil, other than that heavy drinking and obesity is considered to be one of the prime reasons leading to this abnormality in the aging men (Vignozzi et al., 2014). While talking about the pathophsysiology of the turmoil, specialists have noticed that is the principle factor behind the event. In the prostate organ there is the sort 2 5-alpha reductase which is in charge of digestion of the flowing testosterone of the people and in this manner changes over th em into the intense androgen dihydrotestosterone (DHT). As the receptors get invigorated in this situation, there brings about increment of the smooth muscle tone which exacerbate bring down urinary tract indications. At the point when these receptors are blocked, it can bring about reversible activity in this way unwinding the muscles and mitigate of any side effects of LUTS. Transurethral resection of the prostrate is a surgery that utilizes visual instruments and retroscope to trim out the excess tissue of the prostrate that overlaps with the urethral tube which had been obstructing the urine stream (Grocott et al., 2013). After the surgery, it winds up noticeably ordinary to see a few coagulations in the urine as the injury of the patient begins to mend. The appearance of blood clot in the urine is called the hematuria, and there can be various causes leading to the blood releasing into the urine starting from urinary tract infection, kidney infection, kidney and bladder stones, urinary trauma, and benign prostrate hyperplasia. In case of the patient under consideration for this case study, benign prostrate hyperplasia is the reason for the appearance of blood clots in the urine, due to the fact that his bladder was inundated or flushed with water, the blood may get diffused into the blood once the water system is topped. After the surgery, it was seen that the patient's indispensable signs were not appropriate. It is to be sure significance for the medical attendants to screen the patients essential signs after surgery keeping in mind the end goal to build up a thought regarding the state of the patients. The body temperature of Alan was 35 degree Celsius which is in fact lower than the ordinary of 36 or 37 degree Celsius, which generally indicates urine retention by the body. However Alan demonstrated high heartbeat rate of around 128 every moment when the typical heartbeat rate ought to be 60 to 80 thumps for each moment. Heartbeat typically gets higher after operation when there is stress or arrival of blood and fever (Thiele et al., 2015). Other than that, in case of abdominal surgeries, the oxygen therapy can also play a pivotal role in spiking the pulse rate higher than the normal rate even after the surgery is completed. Alan's respiratory rate or the RR is likewise observed to be very high around 30 inhales a moment whic h is considerably higher than the ordinary RR of 15 to 20. The high respiratory rate can be indicative of any post operative lung injury or infection, a rise in the oxygen saturation can also be a significant reason for the same. This might be because of worry of the operation as odds of respiratory issue or any disease or impact of opiates were not noted for the situation ponder. Circulatory strain is the measure of the weight which the blood makes when it courses through the supply routes. The ordinary circulatory strain that ought to be available in an individual is 120/80 mm HG. Hypertension or hypertension can be portrays as the weight which is over 140/90 mm Hg. As Alan's circulatory strain is higher than this for around 160/90 mm Hg, the increase in the respiratory rate and the pulse rate can be significant reasons behind this. Subsequently mediations are should have been taken by the medical attendant to influence it to go under control. Frequently utilization of analgesics at some point raise the pulse for 20 to 30 mmHg (Johnston et al., 2015). The attendant ought to give him powerful drugs like ACE inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, beta blockers which will all assistance by influencing the heart to pulsate all the more gradually and along these lines make the veins loose. The respiratory rate of the patient might be high because of the utilization of anesthesia symptoms or because of his history of liquor drinking. Mechanical ventilation may help the medical attendant to recover back the stable RR of the patient and keep him out of risk. Hypothermia is a life threatening condition, hence the nursing intervention for elevating his body temperature like re-warming the patient by giving warm baths, steam inhalation, heated pads or warm air blankets, etc. The vital individuals who are should have been incorporated into the interdisciplinary groups other than the allotted specialists and furthermore the nursing groups are the dietician, the diabetes patient educators and medication and liquor mishandle instructor, social workers as he is living alone, and alcohol counseling as he is a heavy drinker A multi dimensional group is frequently essential to give a general treatment for the patient with the goal that the diverse social and additionally physical improvement should be possible to the patient other than taking care of the physical indications (King et al., 2017). The specialists and the medical attendants participate in giving the patient alleviation from his present issue by appropriate surgery and after care surgery so she he can get again into his quality life. Diabetes sort 2 teacher assumes a critical part in influencing the patients to create wellbeing proficiency by giving an extensive diabetes instruction to family and th e patient, gather blood glucose at an and help in observation of the result estimations. The diabetes instructor would design the care that will encourage a smooth progress over the care settings. A dietician in the group is likewise essential for Alan to enhance any business related co-morbidities, helping him in advancement of the dietary admissions and furthermore adjustment of the eating designs. These would help the group to guarantee that dietary needs of the patients are met nearby the give weight targets (Holescher et al., 2013). As an individual from the multidisciplinary groups, they will mostly work with Allan to devise individual, reasonable weight reduction focuses in various kind of complex therapeutic cases utilizing proof based practice. They will furnish Allan with a customized, particular and in addition age and socially proper guidance considering the entire states of Allan and not exclusively on his dietary perspectives so he may have positive experience of care (Bleisch et al., 2015). The Substance manhandle instructor would help the group in indentifying the issues of Alan and also hit a discussion with him to know the primary driver. They will then make objectives and treatment gets ready for the patients by showing them suitable ways of dealing with stress alongside various treatment sessions, furnishing the group with updates and advance reports.- he is type 2 diabetes, along with that each member needs to be mentioned about their clinical role and how can they help Alan in gaining speedy recovery, and the nursing professional in charge of him must convey to each member of the health care team for Alan about their clinical roles clearly and precisely. On a concluding it can be said that prostate enlargement or benign prostatic hyperplasia is a more or less common occurrence in the middle aged or aging men, and is rightfully considered as the consequences of aging in general in men. The only clinical intervention to this medical issue however is surgical and TURP is first choice in such situations. Although there can be a number of post operative complications for the patient, and with adequate post operative care plan the patient can be hoped to achieve complete recovery in a very short period of time. References Bleich, S. N., Bandara, S., Bennett, W., Cooper, L. A., Gudzune, K. A. (2015). Enhancing the role of nutrition professionals in weight management: A cross?sectional survey.Obesity,23(2), 454-460. Funk, D. C., Klinkner, G., Kocurek, B., Manchester, C. S., Noskowiak, D. (2017). Role of the Diabetes Educator in Inpatient Diabetes Management.DIABETES EDUCATOR,43(1), 28-33. Gandaglia, G., Briganti, A., Gontero, P., Mondaini, N., Novara, G., Salonia, A., ... Montorsi, F. (2013). The role of chronic prostatic inflammation in the pathogenesis and progression of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).BJU international,112(4), 432-441. Gratzke, C., Bachmann, A., Descazeaud, A., Drake, M. J., Madersbacher, S., Mamoulakis, C., ... Gravas, S. (2015). EAU guidelines on the assessment of non-neurogenic male lower urinary tract symptoms including benign prostatic obstruction.European urology,67(6), 1099-1109. Grocott, M. P. W., Dushianthan, A., Hamilton, M. A., Mythen, M. G., Harrison, D., Rowan, K., Optimisation Systematic Review Steering Group. (2013). Perioperative increase in global blood flow to explicit defined goals and outcomes after surgery: a Cochrane Systematic Review.British journal of anaesthesia,111(4), 535-548. Hoelscher, D. M., Kirk, S., Ritchie, L., Cunningham-Sabo, L., Academy Positions Committee. (2013). Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: interventions for the prevention and treatment of pediatric overweight and obesity.Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics,113(10), 1375-1394. Johnston, M. J., Arora, S., King, D., Bouras, G., Almoudaris, A. M., Davis, R., Darzi, A. (2015). A systematic review to identify the factors that affect failure to rescue and escalation of care in surgery.Surgery,157(4), 752-763. King, O., Nancarrow, S., Grace, S., Borthwick, A. (2017). Diabetes educator role boundaries in Australia: a documentary analysis.Journal of Foot and Ankle Research,10(1), 28. Lewis, J. A., Dana, R. Q., Blevins, G. A. (2014).Substance abuse counseling. Cengage Learning. Miller, G. (2014).Learning the language of addiction counseling. John Wiley Sons. Oelke, M., Bachmann, A., Descazeaud, A., Emberton, M., Gravas, S., Michel, M. C., ... Jean, J. (2013). EAU guidelines on the treatment and follow-up of non-neurogenic male lower urinary tract symptoms including benign prostatic obstruction.European urology,64(1), 118-140. Shrestha, B., Holcomb, J. B., Camp, E. A., Del Junco, D. J., Cotton, B. A., Albarado, R., ... Moore, L. J. (2015). Damage-control resuscitation increases successful nonoperative management rates and survival after severe blunt liver injury.journal of trauma and acute care surgery,78(2), 336-341. Thiele, R. H., Rea, K. M., Turrentine, F. E., Friel, C. M., Hassinger, T. E., Goudreau, B. J., ... McMurry, T. L. (2015). Standardization of care: impact of an enhanced recovery protocol on length of stay, complications, and direct costs after colorectal surgery.Journal of the American College of Surgeons,220(4), 430-443. Vignozzi, L., Rastrelli, G., Corona, G., Gacci, M., Forti, G., Maggi, M. (2014). Benign prostatic hyperplasia: a new metabolic disease?.Journal of endocrinological investigation,37(4), 313-322.
Posted by Florene Jerome at 8:30 PM
Monday, December 2, 2019
To an Athlete Dying Young by A.E. Housman Dying young is thought to be one of the most tragic of circumstances. The thoughts of lives wasted, dreams unattained, memories never conceived. It is sad fate uncontrollable by any earthly being. Most people desire to live to a ripe old age as to take full advantage of their time on earth, to experience as much as they can, and would be aghast to have premature death be viewed in a positive light. Yet this thought is the driving force behind "To an Athlete Dying Young" by A.E. Housman. Housman, the speaker of the poem, implies in an ironic tone that it is better to die in one's prime, at the height of glory, as to not suffer from the pain of seeing their accomplishments fade and become meaningless in the eyes of the masses. The setting of the poem is the funeral of a young champion runner. Rather than mourn, Housman reflects on how lucky the athlete was to have died in the height of glory. Housman recalls the time the athlete won a race, gaining him public appreciation, "Man and boy stood cheering by; And home we brought you shoulder-high". The speaker relates this joyous time to the present, where "Shoulder-high we bring you home; And set you at your threshold down". With the phrase "shoulder-high" he connects the race to the funeral procession. The honor of this treatment was endowed the first time for victory, and the final time for homage. The "threshold" symbolizes the grave of the athlete, his entry into the afterlife. The ironic tone of the poem becomes forlorn, almost envious as the speaker ponders upon his own past. Satire presents itself in the line "Smart lad, to slip bedtimes away; From fields where glory does not stay". Here Housman expresses that the athlete was in a way lucky to miss watching himself slip from fame, becoming again just another face in the crowd. He implies that he himself experienced the fate of watching his glories die. "And early though the laurel grows; it withers quicker than the rose". This couplet reflects on the fleeting existence of glory. The laurel represents accomplishments, and the rose life. It is simply saying that although the athlete's glory came early in life, it will not remain memorable in the eyes of society for a long period of time. The records will be broken, new individuals will steal the spotlight. However, Housman proposes that the athlete has escaped this. "Eyes the shady night has shut; Cannot see the record cut". The glory may fade, but this line suggests that it will never die inside of the runner; his glories outlived him. "And silence sounds no worse than cheers; After earth has stopped the ears." Here Housman implies that death is not worse than being in the height of glory, as in both circumstances one perceives invulnerability; they are unaffected by anything outside of their system. Housman reiterates his earlier implications of lament with the fifth stanza of the poem. He suggests that he was one of the "Lads who wore their honors out". In time, his own accomplishments became meaningless to the public. "Runners whom renown outran; And the name died before the man." If around long enough, the prestige will fade, leaving only lost feelings behind. This applies to a person of any status, whether writer or runner. Through his death, the athlete's status as a champion was set. "So set, before its echoes fade; The fleet foot on the sill of shade." The stanza containing this couplet continues on to insinuate that his status will never diminish in his perception. He will never see his records broken. He will not be outdone, as he never falls from the top. Many will come to mourn the young athlete, as his physical being has departed. "And find unwithered on its curls; The garland briefer than a girl's". Although the body is deteriorated, the garland, which symbolized his glories, remains unwithered. Death is not the fall of the man, yet the end of mortality.
Posted by Florene Jerome at 8:12 AM